Paradise Garage, the birthplace of Garage House
The musical origins of house music lie in the disco music of the late 1970s, whose influence can be felt above all in harmony and melody. Frankie Knuckles hung up at the Warehouse in Chicago.
Even then it was common for the Disco-Maxis to contain club mixes – this usually meant that there were extended instrumental passages that concentrated on the rhythm. Knuckles noticed that it was precisely these rhythm parts that sent the guests into ecstasy, and began to mix only them into each other and leave out the rest of the record. In addition to Knuckles, Marshall Jefferson, Jesse Saunders and Chip E. are among the pioneers of Chicago House.
Later, Detroit producers Juan Atkins, Derrick May and Kevin Saunderson took up this new love of monotony and developed Detroit techno from it. At the same time, an important house scene also emerged in New York clubs like the Paradise Garage and The Loft, influenced by DJs like Larry Levan, François Kevorkian and Eric Kupper.
The Paradise Garage was the name sponsor for the disco-oriented house variant of the Garage House.
At the beginning of the 1990s, the term "house“; spread in many places as a generic term for various types of electronic, rhythmic music styles, to which even in the beginning the newly developed techno music was still subordinated as techno house. However, this leads to some confusion, as there is now also a style called Tech House, a technoised form of modern minimal house music.
For most Detroit and Chicago DJs and producers there is no real distinction between techno and house. In 2005, the mayor of Chicago, Richard M. Daley, proclaimed Chicago House Unity Day for the first time.
The date was set to 10. August. At the beginning of the 2010s, various variations of progressive, tech and electro house began to develop their own style with their own characteristics. The style is called Big-Room and is characterized by a catchy, aggressive drop, which is underlaid with an equally beating bassline.
The songs Animals by Martin Garrix and Tsunami by DVBBS and Borgeous brought the first commercial successes of the new house style simultaneously in 2013 with several number one placements. This was followed by combinations with other music styles, such as hardstyle or individual house categories.
Character and production
House is characterized by its powerful, bass-heavy sound, which didn’t exist in this form at disco yet. The typical sound is mainly created by using a correspondingly powerful bass drum, which is played in the so-called "four-foot“;, i. e. continuous four beats per bar (also known as four to the floor). Especially popular are the no longer manufactured Roland TR-808 and TR-909 drum sequencers. In contrast to Techno with its mostly straight, machine-like basic meter, House is often characterized by dotted sixteenths (shuffle).
Typical structure of the basic rhythmic structure of a bar in House: